Bhubaneswar , 11/3 ( Odisha Samachar/Abhisek Mohanty) : In a bid to sensitize the duty bearers on the situation of orphan and vulnerable children without Individual Care Plan, to develop an effective working model in the state with regards to prepare the ICP for children who are in need of care & protection, advocate for wide spread of these approaches among the child care institutions and other stakeholders, develop capacity among the duty bearers and service providers to prepare the ICP in an effective way and take an active part in ensuring the ICP among children in the CCI coming under the Juvenile Justice Care and Protection Act 2002/6 and ICPS in Odisha, a state level workshop on Individual Care Plan was organized by Taskforce on Non institutional forms of child care in collaboration with YCDA Boudh.
Children without parental care or children separated from their parents usually live in difficult circumstances. Children Home/Orphanages are the only alternately rehabilitate way for children in need. These vulnerable Children are the most exposed to poverty, exclusion and discrimination which in turn can cause them to become even more vulnerable to abuse, neglect and exploitation. In India 40 percent children are vulnerable. There are more numbers of children in the State (Odisha) living under various institutional setups like orphanages, childcare institutions, Balashramas, Shishu Sadanas, Kalayan Ashramas and Anatha Ashrams since long without any specific direction for shaping their future. The children kept in the Orphanages/traditional Shelter Homes which are not being properly cared due to the different constrains, said Project Director, Taskforce Arun Kumar Pradhan.
As per our legal system and policy it has been mentioned that situation of children defined into two categories such as Children need of care and Protection and Children are in conflict with law. Child Welfare Committee and Juvenile Justice Board are primarily responsible for ensuring security and protection for those children through legal procedures effectively. Principle shows that it is mandatory that best interest of the child should be considered during judicial decision. Due to the lack of awareness the Individual Care Plan cannot be taken properly so that children having their potentiality also do not get opportunity to justify themselves, he said.
“We are concerned that each child is different and we need to see each child and also each family as an individual case, with distinct life history and a unique set of current circumstances. The fact that a child has not reached a particular developmental stage that is average for his or her age may be, but is not necessarily an indicator of neglect, trauma or abuse. Each child is born with a potential and successful so every childhood can be seen in terms of achieving that potential. There can be different routes to that potential and different ways to encourage it. Some aspects of adult behaviour will support the development of potential, and others will inhibit it and some aspects will have a negative effect. The same can also be traumatic experiences of the child or circumstances like poverty, diseases and impairments. Each child also responds differently to what happens in life. It is not uncommon to discover that children who faced the same or similar experiences are reacting entirely different. Some totally break down and others seem to cope well and move on. We all know that children without parental care often have a long trail of painful experiences”, Pradhan added.
Nothing can take away the pain of the children who are living without parental care whose parents due to circumstances are not able to care for them. In our state children without parents are sending to orphans hostel. During the residing the child in the CCI there is a mandate to prepare the ICP but in fact nowhere it’s done effectively nor the people who are subject to do this have no effort to prepare it, speakers said.
Director, Social Welfare, Women & Child Development Department S.Aswathy, Child Protection Specialist from UNICEF Laxmi Narayan Nanda had facilitated the programme. HOD, Sociology Navanita Ratha and Professor Psychology Namita Mohanty participated as resource persons.